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Five Facts About Cotton That You May Do Not Know

1. The region that grows the most cotton is in the southern half of the Asian continent, including China, India, Pakistan, Central Asia, Transcaucasia and parts of West Asia, with cotton production accounting for over 50% of the world's total cotton production. The southern United States, which accounts for more than 20% of the world's cotton production, is the world's largest cotton export region.


2. The use of cotton textiles was developed by humans in prehistoric times, and cotton fibers from the 5000 BC have been found in archaeological discoveries in Mexico and in the Indus Valley civilization (now Pakistan and parts of India). Although cotton was used by humans very early to make clothing, it was not until the invention of the cotton gin that the cost of making cotton fibers was reduced and cotton became widely available.


3. Cumbersome steps to separate cotton from cottonseed affect the efficiency of spinning cotton products. The invention of some machines in history has quickly accelerated this process. It also brought about the rapid development of the first industrial revolution. Geographically and climatically, cold, wet Britain, like other European countries, is not well suited to growing large areas of cotton. However, Liverpool, England was once the world's most important cotton trade hub, and European countries, represented by the UK, once dominated the global cotton trade. This is also partly due to the fact that in 1764, the Englishman James Hargreaves (1721-1778) invented the Spinning Jenny, which marked the turning point from the handicraft workshop to the production of large machines. Therefore, the first industrial revolution started from the cotton textile industry. The famous invention of the first industrial revolution also included a machine called the Cotton Gin that changed a country. Cotton Gin is not an alcoholic drink. Gin is short for engine. It is a machine that removed cotton fibers from the cotton seeds. The Cotton gin is considered to be one of the most famous machines in the era of the Industrial Revolution, which has improved the efficiency of manpower several times. Since then, cotton cultivation has become a profitable international trade industry.



4. Natural colored cotton is cotton that has been cultivated to have a color other than the yellowish-white typical of modern commercial cotton fibers. The colors grown out include red, green and several browns. The natural color of the cotton will not fade.



5. According to the U.S. Bureau of Engraving and Printing, U.S. paper money is made up of 75 percent cotton and 25 percent linen. That is, each pound of U.S. dollar bills contains three-quarters of a pound of cotton. Cotton notes have advanced anti-counterfeiting features, such as micro-printing or transparent image display. Also, cotton paper lasts longer and is more durable.

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